El Salvador was inhabited by Paleo-Indians, the first peoples who subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.
Their intriguing paintings (the earliest of which date from 8000 BC) can still be seen and marveled at in caves outside the towns of Corinto and Cacaopera, both in Morazán.
The surface of El Salvador features tropical forest, jungles, mountains, volcanoes, plains (savanna), rivers, lagoons, lakes, calderas and the Pacific Ocean.
The forests of El Salvador contain a wide diversity of flora and fauna.
It is a secondary demonym and it is widely used as an interchangeable term for El Salvador and Salvadorans.
The demonym Central American is an allusion to the strong union that the Central America region has had since its independence.
Centroamericano/a in Spanish and in English Central American is a alternative standard and widespread cultural identity term that Salvadorans use to identify themselves, along with their regional isthmian neighbours.
The Native American indigenous ancestors of Salvadorans, have been living in the region for thousands of years.
El Salvador is periodically hit with earthquakes and tropical storms, occasionally but rarely by cyclones.
El Salvador's population was 6,218,000 in 2010, compared to 2,200,000 in 1950.
Salvadoreño/a in Spanish and in English Salvadoran is the accepted and most commonly used term for referring people of Salvadoran ancestry.